The problem is so acute because the Biblical writers are so convinced that the Sovereign Father is completely in control and completely good. If He were not good then we could understand why He prospers the way of the wicked. If He were not powerful we could understand how the powers of evil were able to steal such blessings away from the throne room of heaven. However, how can we make sense of the world if the Father really is completely sovereign and also completely good?
What kind of sovereign power does the Father wield if He allows such outrageous injustice in His world?
The Bible makes it very clear that there is no limitation to the Father’s sovereign power. He does whatever He pleases and nobody can limit or question what He does – Psalm 115:3. The Father may direct the heart of a king however He wants – Proverbs 21:1. Even things we think of as ‘random’ are all under the sovereign determination of the Father. Proverbs 16:33 – “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the LORD.”
Daniel 4:35 puts it most simply – “He does as he pleases with the powers of heaven and the peoples of the earth. No-one can hold back his hand or say to him: “What have you done?””
Every aspect of our lives are determined and framed by the sovereignty of the Almighty Father. In Acts 17:26-30 we are told that He determines exactly where everybody is going to live and the precise length of their lives. Yet, why would He do this? What is the point of going to such extraordinary lengths to decree the precise details of the world and human life?
Acts 17:26-31 – “From one man He made every nation of men, that they should inhabit the whole earth; and He determined the times set for them and the exact places where they should live. God did this so that men would seek Him and perhaps reach out for Him and find Him, though He is not far from each one of us… now He commands all people everywhere to repent. For He has set a day when He will judge the world with justice by the Man He has appointed.”
The wonderful sovereign power of the Father determines all the details of His creation out of a gospel passion! He has sovereignly created a world in which all that can be known about the Living God is manifestly displayed in all the glorious facets of life and history – Romans 1:19-20 & Psalm 19:1-6. He surrounds every person with His Sovereign power so that anyone and everyone may come to know Him in Christ.